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The present work aims to study the development and application of Radial Basis Function (RBF) networks for predicting auger energy consumption based on input energy. The study utilized RBF networks and explored the input energy with treatments 2 (Soil moisture content), 2 (Rotary speeds), 2 (Hole depths) and 4 (Replication) based on field operations. As indicated by the results, energy input differed between the treatments but was not significant. The highest input value in transaction soil moisture content was 14.75 %, rotary speeds of 235 rpm, and hole depths of 40 cm. In comparison, the lower input energy at transaction soil moisture content was 7.9%, rotary speeds of 235 rpm, and hole depths of 20 cm. Input energy in treatment (14.75 %, 235 rpm, and 40 cm) and treatment (7.9 %,235 rpm, and 20 cm) were 100.204 and 57.135 MJ. ha-1, respectively. The highest input energy shares were recorded for diesel fuel at all treatments. Furthermore, the RBF network with one hidden layer had good convergence. The output results showed 10 and five hidden neurons in a hidden layer with high accuracy for treatment (14.75 %, 235 rpm, and 40 cm) and treatment (7.9%, 235 rpm, and 20 cm). In the treatment (14.75 %, 235 rpm, and 40 cm), the MSE for the training and testing sets was 0.0001 % and 0.01 % for data points with Ordinary RBF (ORBF type). The performance of the 3-10-1 architecture was better than other architectures. Finally, this research concluded that the RBF network method can forecast the input energy and energy expenditures related to the types of treatments.


Auger Hidden Layer Human Energy Rotary Speeds Soil Moisture

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How to Cite
Tofeq, O. M. ., Hilal, Y. Y. ., & Hamood , H. A. . (2023). Predicting Auger Energy Consumption for Olive Orchards Using the Artificial Neural Networks. Basrah Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 36(1), 107–119.


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