Main Article Content


This study was conducted at the nursery of Agricultural Research Station, Agriculture College, University of Basrah, Qarmat Ali campus, at the agricultural season 2018-2019. The Experiment was conducted using Randomized Complete Block Design (R.C.B.D), with two factors, the First factor was organic fertilizer (ALGAZON) with three concentrations (0, 1.5 and 3) ml. L-1, the Second factor was dry yeast extract in three concentrations (0, 3 and 6) g. L-1, by five sprinkles one month between them and a five-day difference between the factors. The results showed that spraying with organic fertilizer (Algazon) at a concentration of 3 ml.L-1, led to a significant increase on the plant height, the main stem diameter, leaf area, main branches number, the fresh and dry weight of the leaves, the dry matter percentage of the leaves, the percentage of oil, the oil yield in the plant, the productivity of volatile per hectare, specific weight and the density of the oil. Sprinkle with dry yeast extract at 6 g. L-1, resulted a significant increase in all vegetative parameters studied and oil yield. The interaction between the organic fertilizers (ALGAZON) spraying treatments was 3 ml. L-1 and dry yeast extract 6 g. L-1, were a significant effect, led to an increase in plant height, the main stem diameter, leaf area, the branches number , Fresh and dry weight of the leaves and the percentage of dry matter, the percentage of oil, Yield oil in plant, productivity of volatile per hectare, refractive index, specific weight and the density of the oil.


(ALGAZON) Yeast Vegetative Volatile oil Myrtus (Myrtus communis L.)

Article Details

How to Cite
Salih, I. I. ., Hasan, F. A. ., & Mohammed, K. H. . (2020). Effect of Spraying of Organic Fertilizers (ALGAZON) and Dry Yeast Extract on some Vegetative Parameters and the Yield of Volatile Oil and its Qualities of Myrtus (Myrtus communis L.). Basrah Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 33(2), 95–105.


  1. Abd El- Motty, Z.; Shahin F.M.; El-Shiekh H. & Abd-El-Migeed M.M. (2010). Effect of algae extract and yeast application on growth, nutritional status, yield and fruit quality of Keitte mango trees. Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America, 1, 421-429.
  2. Al-Doghachi, E. H., Hamzaand, A. R. K., & Essa, W. M. (2012). Physiological study of the effect spraying with seaweed extracts and addition methods of active dry yeaston vegetative and flowering growthof Cuminplant (Cuminum cyminum L.). Basrah Journal Agriculture Science, 25, 1-12.
  3. Al-Janabi, A. M. I., & Al-Shabani, N. T. A. (2017). Effect of foliar application with growth regulators CPPU and seaweed extract oligo-x on some growth parameters of sour orange rootstock. Anbar Journal Agriculture Science, 15, 244-259.
  4. Al-Rawi, K. M., & Khalaf-Allah A. M. (2000). Design and analysis of agricultural experiments. Directorate for Book House of Publishing and Pressing. University of Mosul. Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. Iraq. 488pp. (In Arabic).
  5. Al-Sahaf, F. H. R., Al-Zurfi, M. T. H., Al-Yasiri, I. B. R. & Al-Hadrawi, D. A. K. (2018). Effect of growth medium and organic residues extract (compost) extract spray on growth and flowering parameters of Stock (Petunia hybrid). Kufa Journal Agriculture Science, 10, 1-23.
  6. Al-Samaraee, S. M. S.; Hassan, A. O., & Al-Shoaily, A. N. S. (2011). Effect of spraying yeast suspension, and time of cutting on growth and content of henna plant from Tannins and Lawsone pigment. Journal Basrah Research Science, 37, 104-115.
  7. Bouzabata, A., Casanova, J., Bighelli, A., Cavaleiro, C., Salgueiro, L., & Tomi, F. (2016). The Genus Myrtus L. In Algeria: Composition and biological aspects of essential oils from M. communis and M. nivellei: A Review. Chemistry & Biodiversity, 13, 672-80. https://www. 10.1002/cbdv.201500342
  8. Devlin, R. M., & Witham F. H. (1993). Plant Physiology. Willard Grant Press, Boston, 435pp.
  9. Ebrahimabadi, E. H., Ghoreishi, S. M., Masoum, S., & Ebrahimabadi, A. H. J. (2016). Combination of GC/FID/Mass spectrometry fingerprints and multivariate calibration techniques for recognition of antimicrobial constituents of Myrtus communis L. essential oil. Chromatography Annals Technology Biomedicin Life Science, 1008, 50-57.
  10. Eyras, M. C., Defosse, G. E., & Dellatorre, F. (2008). Seaweed compost as an amendment for horticultural soils in Patagonia. Argentina, Compost Science and Utilization, 16, 119-124.
  11. Hajiaghaee, R., Faizi, M., Shahmohammadi, Z., Abdollahnejad, F., Naghdibadi, H., & Najafi F. (2016). Hydroalcoholic extract of Myrtus communis can alter anxiety and sleep parameters: A behavioral and EEG sleep pattern study in mice and rats. Pharmalogy Biology, 54, 2141-2148.
  12. Hegazi, H. H., & Awad, A. M. (2002). Irrigation trickle mineral N and bio-fertilization effect on potato yield, tuber quality and water use efficiency. Alexandria Journal of Agricultural Science, 47, 89-105.
  13. Idris, M. H. (2009). Plant Physiology. Suzan Mubarak Centre Science Exploration, Cairo, 436pp. (In Arabic).
  14. Jabri, M. A., Rtibi, K., Ben-Said, A., Aouadhi, C., Hosni, K., & Sakly, M. (2016). Antidiarrhoeal, antimicrobial and antioxidant effects of myrtle berries (Myrtus communis L.) seeds extract. Journal Pharmcology, 68, 264-274.
  15. Jamshidi-Kia, F., Lorigooini, Z., & Amini-Khoei, H. (2018). Medicinal plants: Past history and future perspective. Journal Herbmedicin Pharmacology, 7, 1-7.
  16. Jensen, E. (2004). Seaweed, fact or fancy: From the organic broadcaster, published by moses the Midwest organic and sustainable education. Agriculture Environment, 12, 164-170.
  17. Matroad, S. A. K., Hassan, F. A., & Kadhim, I. A. (2016). Effect Sowing date and spraying with sea algae extract kelpak on growth, seed and oil yield of basil plant ˝Ocimum basilicum var. Cinnamon L. Thi-Qar University Journal Agriculture Research, 5, 458-471.
  18. Salman, J. A., & Sachet T. F. (2013). Effect of cultivar and Organic Fertilizer and Mowing date on growth and Yield of dill plant (Anethum graveolens L.). Euphrates Journal of Agriculture Science, 5, 291-306.
  19. Reed, G., & Nagodawithana, W. T. (1991). Yeast technology universal foods corporation Milwaukee. Wisconsin. Published by Van Notre and Reinhold. New York, 273pp.